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Perbedaan Skor ACT, CD4+CD25+Foxp3treg, CD4+IFN-γ pada Pemberian Imunoterapi, Probiotik dan Nigella Sativa

Debby Christinne Sumantri, Sumarno Sumarno, Wisnu Barlianto, Ery Olivianto, HMS Chandra Kusuma
  Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya, Vol 28, No 4 (2015),  pp.283-290  

Abstract


Probiotik dan Nigella sativa memiliki efek imunomodulator dan telah banyak banyak dikaji penggunaannya dalam kombinasi dengan imunoterapi asma. Imunoterapi dapat merubah perjalanan alamiah asma yang melibatkan perubahan respon imun Th2 menjadi Th1 dengan peningkatan IFN-γ. Proses tersebut juga berhubungan dengan pembentukan Tregulator, tetapi belum jelas mekanisme mana yang lebih dominan. Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengetahui perbedaan skor ACT serta jumlah sel CD4+CD25+FoxP3Treg dan CD4+IFN-γ pada anak asma ringan yang mendapat imunoterapi, probiotik dan Nigella sativa. Penelitian dilakukan dengan desain randomized clinical trial posttest only with control pada 32 subjek penelitian yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dalam 4 kelompok yaitu kelompok A (imunoterapi+plasebo), kelompok B (imunoterapi+Nigella sativa), kelompok C (imunoterapi+probiotik), dan kelompok D (imunoterapi+Nigella sativa+probiotik). Perlakuan diberikan selama 56 minggu (imunoterapi fase induksi 14 minggu dan fase rumatan 42 minggu). Imunoterapi berupa ekstrak house dust mite diberikan subkutan, probiotik berupa Lactobacillus acidophilus dan Bifidobacterium lactis, dengan penilaian skoring asma menggunakan Asthma Control Test (ACT). Jumlah sel CD4+CD25+FoxP3+Treg dan CD4+IFN-γ diukur menggunakan flowcytometry. Hasil menunjukkan skor ACT kelompok C lebih tinggi bermakna dibandingkan kelompok A (p=0,04). Jumlah CD4+CD25+FoxP3+Treg paling tinggi pada kelompok D (15,966±9,720) , sedangkan jumlah CD4+IFN-γ paling tinggi pada kelompok C (17,506±11,576), tetapi tidak didapatkan perbedaan bermakna pada jumlah CD4+CD25+FoxP3+Treg (p=0,278) dan CD4+IFN-γ (p=0,367) antar semua kelompok. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa Imunoterapi+probiotik dapat meningkatkan skor ACT lebih baik dibandingkan imunoterapi saja. Imunoterapi, Nigella sativa, dan probiotik tidak memberikan perbedaan bermakna pada jumlah CD4+CD25+FoxP3 Treg dan CD4+IFN-γ.Kata Kunci: Asthma Control Test, CD4+CD25+FoxP3+Treg, CD4+IFN-γ, imunoterapi, Nigella sativa, probiotik


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jkb.2015.028.04.5

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