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Pengaruh Latihan Hatha Yoga terhadap Kadar Nitric Oxide pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2

Erna Setiawati, Suhartono Suhartono, Endang Ambarwati
  Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya, Vol 29, No. 3 (2017),  pp.228-233  

Abstract


Angka kesakitan dan kematian akibat diabetes melitus di Indonesia cenderung berfluktuasi setiap tahunnya. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh latihan Hatha Yoga terhadap peningkatan kadar Nitric Oxide (NO) pada penderita diabetes melitus tipe 2. Metode penelitian adalah experimental dengan pre-post with control group design. Sebanyak 34 subjek diabetes melitus tipe 2 yang berusia antara 45-75 tahun dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok secara acak. Kelompok I mendapatkan latihan Hatha Yoga dan kelompok II tidak mendapat latihan Hatha Yoga. Subjek pada kelompok I melakukan 18 kali latihan dengan frekuensi tiga kali seminggu selama enam minggu dengan durasi 45 menit setiap sesi. Hasil menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan bermakna kadar NO setelah intervensi antara kedua kelompok (p=0,856). Terdapat perbedaan bermakna pada perubahan glukosa darah puasa (p=0,000) dan glukosa darah 2 jam post prandial (p=0,010) antara kedua kelompok, dengan perubahan pada kelompok intervensi lebih baik daripada kelompok kontrol. Latihan Hatha Yoga terbukti dapat memberikan perbaikan perubahan kadar glukosa darah puasa dan glukosa darah 2 jam post prandial namun dampak pada kadar NO belum terbukti.
Kata Kunci: Diabetes melitus tipe 2, Hatha Yoga, glukosa darah 2 jam post prandial, glukosa darah puasa, Nitric Oxide

 


Keywords


Diabetes melitus tipe 2; Hatha Yoga; glukosa darah 2 jam post prandial; glukosa darah puasa; Nitric Oxide

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jkb.2017.029.03.8

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