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The Relationship between The ACTN3 Gene Polymorphisms with Agility, Explosive Power and Speed

susiana candrawati, Nur Signa Aini Gumilas, Muhammad Nanang Himawan Kusuma, Pradani Eva Adiningtyas, Muhammad Cahya Riadi Sucipto, Sarah Shafira Aulia Rahmah
  Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya, Vol 29, No. 4 (2017),    

Abstract


Agility, explosive power and speed are biomotor component that must be have by soccer athletes. Genetic measurement can be done in talent profiling. Talent profiling have not be conducted at junior soccer athletes such as athletes in Unit Kegiatan Mahasiswa (UKM) Universitas Jenderal Soedirman (UNSOED). ACTN3 is the gen that have relation with performance in soccer athletes. ACTN 3 which is a gene that encoding alpha-actinin-3 in fast-twitch skeletal muscle fibers, may can influence biomotor component. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of the α-actinin-3 (ACTN3) gene polymorphism to agility, explosive power and speed of soccer athletes in UKM UNSOED Purwokerto. This study was an analitic observational study with cross sectional design. The 82 subjects were chosen by consecutive sampling. The ACTN3 gene polymorphisms were identified using PCR-RFLP method of blood sample of subjects.  Biomotor component were measured using the illinois agility test (agility), jump meter digital (explosive power) and sprint test 30 meters (speed). ANOVA one way test was conducted to determine the association of ACTN3 polymorphism with biomotor component, with significant level at p=0.05. There was significant association of ACTN3 gene polymorphism with explosive power (p=0.027), but there was no significant association of ACTN3 gene polymorphism with agility (p=0.084) and speed (p=0.507). It could be concluded that there was association of ACTN3 polymorphism with explosive power, but there were no association with agility and speed.


Keywords


ACTN3 gene polymorphism; agility; explosive power; speed; soccer

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